Caring For Your Kitten
Kittens are undoubtedly adorable and lovable, but they also have very specific healthcare needs that need taken care of. Their needs will change rapidly and look very different during each stage of their development. If something goes wrong or if any of their needs are not taken care of at the right time, it can have a serious effect on their long-term health. Here we talk about how you can care for your new furry friend during their kitten years.
Caring for a Newborn Kitten
When a kitten is 0 - 4 weeks old they are considered a newborn, they are still learning how to meow, walk, and even regulate their body temperature. If their mother is present and attentive, thankfully most of the work will be done for you. The mother cat will take care of feeding and cleaning. Your job will be to make sure the mother is healthy, warm and in a safe environment. Make sure the floor of their crate/area is covered with a blanket, and they have a warm bed to lie on. However, if the kitten does not have a mother the first thing you should do is take them to see a vet. Your veterinarian will be able to determine the health of the kitten and inform you of their requirements.
Keep Your Newborn Kitten Warm
If the kitten doesn't have a mother you will have to do more to help keep them warm by using something such as putting a heating disk in the crate or putting a heating pad on low heat underneath a blanket in their cage. You should also make a little nest out of blankets for the kitten to lay in for comfort. It's important that you make sure that the heating pad isn't too hot by touching it with your hands and providing a comfortable place in your kitten's cage/crate that does not have a heating item so they can go there if they get too warm.
You should continue to provide your kitten with a heating source until they are about 6 weeks old because if kittens get too cold they will catch hypothermia, for this reason, their area should be kept at 85°F or 29°C.
Feeding Your Newborn Kitten
Another thing you will have to do for a newborn kitten without a mother is to feed them and provide them with proper nutrition. You will have to bottle feed your kitten a special kitten formula every 2-4 hours. Every kitten is different, your kitten's veterinarian will be able to inform you of the best formula to use, how much to feed them and how frequently you should be feeding your kitten. In order for kittens to grow healthily, they will need to gain approximately ½ ounce (14 grams) per day or 4 ounces (113 grams) a week. Never give your cat cow milk and always make sure you are feeding them the same formula. And, in order for your kitty to digest food properly they will have to be kept warm.
As Your Kitten Grows Older
When the kitten you are caring for is around 5/6 to 10 weeks old they should gradually stop being bottle fed or fed by their mothers and start feeding them high protein meals about 3 to 4 times a day. You can start this by pouring the formula into a food bowl and possibly adding a bit of softened hard food or canned soft food to help ease them in the process. And because their motor skills will be improving at this stage they will start becoming adventurous and you will have to keep a close eye on them to make sure they don't get themselves into trouble. They will require a lot of supervision and hands-on bonding playtime as they are between 2 -4 months old.
Your kitten will become an adolescent once they reach about 4 - 6 months of age. At this point, they will start to become a little more troublesome and require more management when it comes to their behavior. This is also the time that you should also think about having them spayed or neutered.
Preventive Care For Your Kitten
No matter what age your kitten is when you get them, your first step should be to take them to the vet for their first checkup the same week you get them. Your vet will determine the overall health of your kitten and give you recommendations for their dietary needs at that moment. This also provides you with the opportunity to ask any questions you may have in regard to the care of your new family member.
Making sure your kitten gets routine preventive care is essential, including wellness exams, routine vaccinations, and parasite prevention.
Regular wellness exams give your vet the opportunity to assess the overall health and well-being of your kitten including their dietary requirements. Your vet will also be able to detect any diseases early before they become severe when they are easier and more affordable to treat.
You also need to make sure your kitten gets all of its vaccinations and parasite prevention from their vet on schedule. Your kitten should come in for their first round of shots when they are 6 to 8 weeks old, and you should have them spayed or neutered when they are 5 to 6 months old. This prevents any serious diseases or conditions from arising in the first place.
What Can Go Wrong With Your Kitten?
When taking care of a tiny kitten, there are so many things you need to watch out for during each stage of their development, that can indicate that they have a problem and need veterinary care. If you see your kitten displaying any of the following signs call your vet immediately to schedule an appointment.
Here is what you need to keep an eye out for in a newborn kitten:
- Refusing food (especially if being bottle-fed)
- Delays or difficulties in motor skills or coordination
When your kitten is 4 weeks old or older you still need to keep an eye out for the signs above in addition to these behavioral signs:
- Litter box usage/ not using the litter box
- Signs of play biting or aggression
- Fears and other concerning behaviors that should be managed when they are still young